The extraction method to recover oil and natural gas from shale rock is known as hydraulic fracturing. It is about penetrating the strata layer where the energy reserves exist when it comes to brine for fracking. And to release the reserves inside, there will be a direction of chemical mixture, sand, and water at the rock.
The natural gas and oil can begin to flow out of the wellhead with this process’s success. Drillers can access the strata through vertical or horizontal drilling, based on the reserves’ location. There will be a new place created by each new point where people can process various needs where energy releases occur.
For creating new wells, governments all over the world award hundreds of licenses every year. Many organizations find profits in their fracking activities even with the pressure of drilling costs, environmental contamination concerns, and legal challenges. The advantages and disadvantages of fracking could be the answer to whether to continue to use this method of energy access.
Pros of Brine for Fracking
Accessing Challenging Resources Using Fracking by Companies
With the use of more traditional energy extraction techniques, rigs can reach oil and natural gas resources that could be challenging to access through fracking. With the expansion of this industry over the past generation, there has been a significant boost to domestic oil production in the US. With the recent estimates BBC published, it provides fuel security to the US and Canada, lasting around 100 years.
With this advantage, there is an opportunity to create electricity at the carbon dioxide emissions’ 50 percent using coal instead. Even with some issues people have with fracking, it can be a positive element to a country’s infrastructure.
Fracking Installation Are Not Permanent
There won’t be any permanent scars on the land from fracking wells. There is also a minimal need to access the processing rigs and companies even though property owners have no rights to the natural gas and oil reserves under the property. They can now add the energy reserves to the local infrastructure for distribution, refinement, and processing when the well is tapped, and the drilling process is complete. For some people, they operate with little supervision from mechanics and other repair personnel.
Disadvantages of Brine for Fracking
Water Contamination from Well Breakdowns
Scientists inform that high-volume fracking can increase the risk of localized water contamination. Energy providers have the habit of extending their staff capabilities until the coverage is too thin to supervise each well properly. The borehole can be contaminated, and there will be a situation of premature corrosion, which allows energy supplies to leak into the water.
It Changes the Way People Use the Environment
The activity changes the way people access those lands when fracking happens in recreational areas. People must find ways to protect wildlife in the area, avoid an unknown liquid runoff, and work around the drilling area. There could be significant disruptions to local animal species with minor changes to habitats, even if the impact on the land is minimal.